Skid Steer Motor

In today's business economy it's vital to get the most you can for your buying dollar. So there's no excuse for over paying for a previously owned Skid Steer Motor when there are 1000's of them for sale on eBay. Plus, eBay is one of the leading and most reliable online shopping sites in the entire world. This site is approved by eBay to help you find the Skid Steer Motor you are shopping for. If you don't see the Skid Steer Motor you are searching for below, use the search feature on your right to enter the style you're searching for.

NEW HOLLAND L175 SKID STEER LOADER w HEATED CAB 2800 HR NEEDS MOTOR NO RESVE
NEW HOLLAND L175 SKID STEER LOADER w HEATED CAB 2800 HR NEEDS MOTOR NO RESVE
$11,000.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LS180 LX865 0001369020 86513093
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LS180 LX865 0001369020 86513093
$139.69
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L553 L555 15461 63015 228000 1020
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L553 L555 15461 63015 228000 1020
$94.45
Char Lynn Eaton S series Hydraulic Motor 103 1035 010 Conveyer Auger Skid Steer
Char Lynn Eaton S series Hydraulic Motor 103 1035 010 Conveyer Auger Skid Steer
$199.95
New Case Skid Steer Loader Radiator for 1840  1845C Diesel Motors 301877A2
New Case Skid Steer Loader Radiator for 1840 1845C Diesel Motors 301877A2
$438.48
New Bobcat Wiper Blade Front Door Motor Glass Arm Skid Steer Skidsteer Loader IL
New Bobcat Wiper Blade Front Door Motor Glass Arm Skid Steer Skidsteer Loader IL
$12.95
Bobcat Heater Blower Motor 751 753 763 773 863 873 883 963 Skid Steer Direct fit
Bobcat Heater Blower Motor 751 753 763 773 863 873 883 963 Skid Steer Direct fit
$84.95
Bobcat skid steer 440 B with gas motor
Bobcat skid steer 440 B with gas motor
$5,999.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER WISCONSIN VH4D ENGINE 91 01 4176
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER WISCONSIN VH4D ENGINE 91 01 4176
$197.29
NEW STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER 575 675 675B 4TNA82 YANMAR ENGINE 18204
NEW STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER 575 675 675B 4TNA82 YANMAR ENGINE 18204
$239.78
CERTIFIED GEHL V2203 KUBOTA DIESEL ENGINE MOTOR SKIDSTEER SKID STEER 2203
CERTIFIED GEHL V2203 KUBOTA DIESEL ENGINE MOTOR SKIDSTEER SKID STEER 2203
$1,499.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR YANMAR JOHN DEERE MUSTANG DAEWOO SKID STEER 42535508
NEW STARTER MOTOR YANMAR JOHN DEERE MUSTANG DAEWOO SKID STEER 42535508
$239.66
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER M 600 M 610 1107386 1109424 1998299
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER M 600 M 610 1107386 1109424 1998299
$197.29
NEW Cab Enclosure Door for New Holland Skid Steer Wiper  Motor
NEW Cab Enclosure Door for New Holland Skid Steer Wiper Motor
$1,050.00
Bobcat Front Door Kit 463 S70 with wiper motor arm blade glass skid steer load
Bobcat Front Door Kit 463 S70 with wiper motor arm blade glass skid steer load
$949.00
Bobcat drive motor
Bobcat drive motor
$1,500.00
STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER 317 320 325 328 332
STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER 317 320 325 328 332
$79.76
NEW STARTER MOTOR TAKEUCHI SKID STEER LOADER TL130 YANMAR 4TNE98 4TNE98TBL
NEW STARTER MOTOR TAKEUCHI SKID STEER LOADER TL130 YANMAR 4TNE98 4TNE98TBL
$258.86
John Deere Skid Steer Wiper Blade Assy 240 250 260 270 313 315 door glass motor
John Deere Skid Steer Wiper Blade Assy 240 250 260 270 313 315 door glass motor
$49.99
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LX565 LX665
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LX565 LX665
$97.36
Belltec NC300 Skid Steer Post Hole Digger Auger Drive Motor 15 30gpm Skid Steer
Belltec NC300 Skid Steer Post Hole Digger Auger Drive Motor 15 30gpm Skid Steer
$1,189.99
Bobcat M371 371 Skid Steer Loader with bucket  Kohler 19HP Motor
Bobcat M371 371 Skid Steer Loader with bucket Kohler 19HP Motor
$2,350.00
CATERPILLAR 216B SKIDLOADER HYDROSTATIC TRAVEL DRIVE MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER CAT
CATERPILLAR 216B SKIDLOADER HYDROSTATIC TRAVEL DRIVE MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER CAT
$499.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 642B 742 742B 10455340 10455355
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 642B 742 742B 10455340 10455355
$254.88
Mini Skid Steer Auger Drive With High Torque Drive Motor Round or Hex Shaft
Mini Skid Steer Auger Drive With High Torque Drive Motor Round or Hex Shaft
$1,950.00
New Bobcat Blower Switch Skidloader Cab Enclosure Skidsteer skid steer fan motor
New Bobcat Blower Switch Skidloader Cab Enclosure Skidsteer skid steer fan motor
$14.50
New Stop Solenoid 16851 60014 for Bobcat 453 skid steer Kubota D722 EB Motor
New Stop Solenoid 16851 60014 for Bobcat 453 skid steer Kubota D722 EB Motor
$87.80
Stop Solenoid for Bobcat 453 skid steer Kubota D722 EB Motor Shut off solenoid
Stop Solenoid for Bobcat 453 skid steer Kubota D722 EB Motor Shut off solenoid
$100.00
Bobcat Wiper Motor Wardware Kit S220 S250 S300 S330 T250 T300 T320 skid steer
Bobcat Wiper Motor Wardware Kit S220 S250 S300 S330 T250 T300 T320 skid steer
$24.99
Bobcat Wiper Motor Hardware Kit 751 753 763 773 863 873 883 963 blade skid steer
Bobcat Wiper Motor Hardware Kit 751 753 763 773 863 873 883 963 blade skid steer
$24.99
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM PUMP  MOTOR HYDRAULIC TUBE 9841228
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM PUMP MOTOR HYDRAULIC TUBE 9841228
$31.99
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LX885 LX289 0001369020 86513093
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LX885 LX289 0001369020 86513093
$139.69
Case 1840 Uniloader Hydraulic Drive Motor Wheel Skidsteer Skid Steer 1835C 1845
Case 1840 Uniloader Hydraulic Drive Motor Wheel Skidsteer Skid Steer 1835C 1845
$799.99
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR 89 93 NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L555 35259670
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR 89 93 NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L555 35259670
$126.12
Bobcat Model 30 Skid Steer Auger hydraulic Pump Motor  EATON 157 0010 003
Bobcat Model 30 Skid Steer Auger hydraulic Pump Motor EATON 157 0010 003
$495.00
LAHMAN RIGHT DRIVE MOTOR SKIDSTEER
LAHMAN RIGHT DRIVE MOTOR SKIDSTEER
$174.99
NEW HOLLAND OEM SKID STEER HYDRAULIC ONE SPEED MOTOR PUMP 86614322
NEW HOLLAND OEM SKID STEER HYDRAULIC ONE SPEED MOTOR PUMP 86614322
$399.99
NEW Eaton VIS 40 2 Speed Skid Steer Hydraulic Wheel Motor 48 and 24 Cubic Inch
NEW Eaton VIS 40 2 Speed Skid Steer Hydraulic Wheel Motor 48 and 24 Cubic Inch
$629.99
TEREX HYDRAULIC DRIVE MOTOR SEAL KIT FOR SKID STEER
TEREX HYDRAULIC DRIVE MOTOR SEAL KIT FOR SKID STEER
$80.10
Take A PART MACHINE CAT Construction SKID STEER Motorized power wrench RM2570
Take A PART MACHINE CAT Construction SKID STEER Motorized power wrench RM2570
$35.97
Bobcat 463 Skid Steer Drive Motor
Bobcat 463 Skid Steer Drive Motor
$810.00
LAHMAN LEFT DRIVE MOTOR SKIDSTEER
LAHMAN LEFT DRIVE MOTOR SKIDSTEER
$224.99
Bobcat 863 Engine DEUTZ BF4M1011F SkidSteer Motor
Bobcat 863 Engine DEUTZ BF4M1011F SkidSteer Motor
$4,599.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 520 530 630 720 10455336 10455352
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 520 530 630 720 10455336 10455352
$197.29
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 1080 975 1107577 AT18150
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 1080 975 1107577 AT18150
$109.79
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 863HF 873C 228000 5731 228000 5733
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 863HF 873C 228000 5731 228000 5733
$175.86
Bobcat S175 Engine Skid Steer loader KUBOTA V2203 Motor
Bobcat S175 Engine Skid Steer loader KUBOTA V2203 Motor
$3,399.00
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY CENTER 9803221
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY CENTER 9803221
$99.99
Caterpillar CAT Motorized Mini Skid Steer Model Truck
Caterpillar CAT Motorized Mini Skid Steer Model Truck
$10.95
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L785 L865 0 001 369 020 86513093
NEW STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L785 L865 0 001 369 020 86513093
$139.69
NEW STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER T84 D722B 128000 9950 15741 63010
NEW STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER T84 D722B 128000 9950 15741 63010
$85.81
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR 90 94 BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 753 7753 6660797 906442
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR 90 94 BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 753 7753 6660797 906442
$126.17
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER 228000 5740 228000 5741 6667987
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER 228000 5740 228000 5741 6667987
$179.73
NEW BOBCAT 873 SKID STEER 6706802 MOTOR CARRIER ASSY FINAL DRIVE HOUSING BEARING
NEW BOBCAT 873 SKID STEER 6706802 MOTOR CARRIER ASSY FINAL DRIVE HOUSING BEARING
$809.00
Char Lynn 177 0002 002 Skidsteer Motor 177 0002 004 s23 F
Char Lynn 177 0002 002 Skidsteer Motor 177 0002 004 s23 F
$549.99
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 653 6667987 228000 5740
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 653 6667987 228000 5740
$179.73
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY RIGHT 86504727
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY RIGHT 86504727
$199.99
New Case Skid Steer Loader Radiator for 1840  1845C Diesel Motors 3 row
New Case Skid Steer Loader Radiator for 1840 1845C Diesel Motors 3 row
$520.00
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL6620 SL6625 PERKINS 323 451 323 694
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL6620 SL6625 PERKINS 323 451 323 694
$126.12
Case 60XT Skid Steer Drive Motor Brake
Case 60XT Skid Steer Drive Motor Brake
$726.45
LAHMAN HYDRO DRIVE MOTOR SPROCKETS SKIDSTEER
LAHMAN HYDRO DRIVE MOTOR SPROCKETS SKIDSTEER
$69.99
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY LEFT 86504726
NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY LEFT 86504726
$199.99
New Cat Skid Steer Hydraulic Drive motor Pump for 226B Series 3 PN 3585014
New Cat Skid Steer Hydraulic Drive motor Pump for 226B Series 3 PN 3585014
$825.00
STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL4510 SL4515 SL4525 GAS
STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL4510 SL4515 SL4525 GAS
$99.55
AEP SAB0087 STARTER MOTOR New Holland Skid Steer L454 VSG411 4889440 SM48894
AEP SAB0087 STARTER MOTOR New Holland Skid Steer L454 VSG411 4889440 SM48894
$75.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL4610 SL4615 PERKINS DIESEL 18508 6291
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL4610 SL4615 PERKINS DIESEL 18508 6291
$148.86
NEW HOLLAND OEM SKID STEER HYDRAULIC SINGLE SPEED MOTOR PUMP 86614322
NEW HOLLAND OEM SKID STEER HYDRAULIC SINGLE SPEED MOTOR PUMP 86614322
$399.99
NEW 12V 25KW 11 TOOTH CW STARTER MOTOR DAEWOO SKID STEER YANMAR 3TN100E
NEW 12V 25KW 11 TOOTH CW STARTER MOTOR DAEWOO SKID STEER YANMAR 3TN100E
$317.71
NEW STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 863 863H 873 DEUTZ 6667825 228000 5730
NEW STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 863 863H 873 DEUTZ 6667825 228000 5730
$175.86
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LS150 LS160
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER LS150 LS160
$97.36
STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER LOADER 14 24A 70
STARTER MOTOR JOHN DEERE SKID STEER LOADER 14 24A 70
$87.85
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L120 LS120 1280007480
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L120 LS120 1280007480
$71.71
STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER T82 KUBOTA
STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER T82 KUBOTA
$71.89
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L160 L170
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L160 L170
$97.36
Bobcat 453 Skid Steer Drive Motor
Bobcat 453 Skid Steer Drive Motor
$810.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER 6635 DXT SXT BF4M1011F DEUTZ DIESEL 1181570
NEW STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER 6635 DXT SXT BF4M1011F DEUTZ DIESEL 1181570
$239.66
Bobcat S150 Engine Skid Steer loader KUBOTA V2203 Motor
Bobcat S150 Engine Skid Steer loader KUBOTA V2203 Motor
$3,399.00
NEW STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 610 620 630 700 10465428 1107386
NEW STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 610 620 630 700 10465428 1107386
$197.29
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 2000 PERKINS 4 154 1998359
NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 2000 PERKINS 4 154 1998359
$136.54
Skid Steer Motorized 3 Point Adapter Select a Motor
Skid Steer Motorized 3 Point Adapter Select a Motor
$2,194.50
New Case 1840 Skid Steer Drive Motor Single
New Case 1840 Skid Steer Drive Motor Single
$1,332.00
Bobcat Wiper Motor Wardware Kit T110 T140 T180 T190 T200 arm blade skid steer
Bobcat Wiper Motor Wardware Kit T110 T140 T180 T190 T200 arm blade skid steer
$24.99
Bobcat T200 Engine DEUTZ BF4M1011F SkidSteer Motor
Bobcat T200 Engine DEUTZ BF4M1011F SkidSteer Motor
$4,599.00
Motorized Skid Steer 3 Point Adapter w 80CC Motor Cat 1 Hitches
Motorized Skid Steer 3 Point Adapter w 80CC Motor Cat 1 Hitches
$2,194.50
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER 1600 643 743 743B 753 6630182 6649676
NEW 12V 12T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER 1600 643 743 743B 753 6630182 6649676
$126.17
NEW STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER 175 228000 1021 228000 1022
NEW STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER 175 228000 1021 228000 1022
$94.45
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 980 CUMMINS 4BT39L DIESEL 10461448
NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 980 CUMMINS 4BT39L DIESEL 10461448
$130.59
STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL3510 SL3515 SL3725 GAS
STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER SL3510 SL3515 SL3725 GAS
$99.55
JOHN DEERE Action Part One DVD Cotton Picker Motor Grader Skid Steer Field Work
JOHN DEERE Action Part One DVD Cotton Picker Motor Grader Skid Steer Field Work
$14.95
NEW STARTER MOTOR FORD SKID STEER LOADER CL35 SHIBAURA DIESEL 18508 6410
NEW STARTER MOTOR FORD SKID STEER LOADER CL35 SHIBAURA DIESEL 18508 6410
$148.86
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L140 L150
STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L140 L150
$97.36
STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEERS 25G 25GT
STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEERS 25G 25GT
$69.73

A skid steer loader is a functional machine, and also a need for anyone in landscaping, construction, farming, or logging. They have a stiff frame in addition to lift arms you are able to affix different tools and skid steer loader accessories to. Loaders might be track-equipped as well as four-wheel drive.

The drive system on the loader features no transmission. As an alternative, it employs pumps as well as hydraulic motors that will power the wheels or tracks. Wheels may drive individually of each other, which in turn helps make them quite maneuverable.

The skid steer loader acquires its name from the way its fixed wheels skid with the moving wheels. Considering that the left-side drive wheels or track function individually from the right-side, these loaders can turn with zero-radius. This helps make them compact as well as valuable in tight conditions. Also , they are light enough to be towed behind a truck.

Contrary to a front loader, that has arms and pivot points about the front of the machine, the arms with this machine run alongside the driver, and also the pivot points sit behind the operator. Most of these loaders include fully-enclosed cabs along with other features which will safeguard the operator.

You will find a range of specialized skid steer loader attachments, that may replace the typical loader bucket. Such as backhoes, mowers, concrete breakers, pallet forks, angle brooms, tillers, sweepers, augers, snow blowers, stump grinders, tree spades, trenchers, dumping hoppers, rippers, rollers, snow blades, wheel saws, cement mixers, and log splitters. Many of these usually are run by the hydraulic system.

Even though brand new loaders may well cost anywhere from $25k to $40k, good used loaders can be purchased for selling prices which range from $10k to $15k.

Skid steer loaders are amazing tools as well as make a good addition to virtually any landscaping or construction company, farm, or logging operation. They require little operator training. Their light weight and modest size enables them to be towed by pickups, and also the loader's zero radius turning helps make them beneficial in tight circumstances. The variety of accessories also tends to make the skid steer loader useful.

Skid Steer Motor items recently purchased through this site:

Char Lynn Eaton S series Hydraulic Motor 103 1035 010 Conveyer Auger Skid Steer, NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY RIGHT 86504727, NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY CENTER 9803221, NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER OEM MOTOR SUPPORT ASSY LEFT 86504726, NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER 228000 5740 228000 5741 6667987, NEW 12V 10T STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 653 6667987 228000 5740, NEW STARTER MOTOR FORD SKID STEER LOADER CL45 CL55 SBA18508 6141 SBA18508 6350, NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 953 953C 963 6667320 228000 5510, NEW STARTER MOTOR BOBCAT SKID STEER LOADER 863HF 873C 228000 5731 228000 5733, NEW STARTER MOTOR CLARK SKID STEER LOADER 863 863H 873 DEUTZ 6667825 228000 5730, NEW 12V 9T CW OSGR STARTER MOTOR GEHL SKID STEER w ISUZU 3KC1 ENGINE 8941333380, NEW STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEER T84 D722B 128000 9950 15741 63010, NEW HOLLAND L175 SKID STEER LOADER w HEATED CAB 2800 HR NEEDS MOTOR NO RESVE, LAHMAN RIGHT DRIVE MOTOR SKIDSTEER, Bobcat skid steer 440 B with gas motor, Bobcat Heater Blower Motor 751 753 763 773 863 873 883 963 Skid Steer Direct fit, Bobcat drive motor, Mini Skid Steer Auger Drive With High Torque Drive Motor Round or Hex Shaft, Bobcat M371 371 Skid Steer Loader with bucket Kohler 19HP Motor, JOHN DEERE SKID STEER ONAN 24HP MOTOR ENGINE, Belltec NC300 Skid Steer Post Hole Digger Auger Drive Motor 15 30gpm Skid Steer, CATERPILLAR 216B SKIDLOADER HYDROSTATIC TRAVEL DRIVE MOTOR SKID STEER LOADER CAT, Caterpillar CAT Motorized Mini Skid Steer Model Truck, JCB 20 925768 Upper Motor Assembly Skid Steer, Take A PART MACHINE CAT Construction SKID STEER Motorized power wrench RM2570, Snowthrower For Skid Steer Loader72Hi FlowDual Motor, SnowthrowerSkid Steer72Hi FlowDual Motor30 42 GPM, STARTER MOTOR NEW HOLLAND SKID STEER LOADER L120 LS120 1280007480, STARTER MOTOR THOMAS EQUIPMENT SKID STEERS 25G 25GT, NEW STARTER MOTOR FITS HYUNDAI SKID STEER LOADER HSL850 7A WITH V2403 M008750671,

Incoming search terms:

1845c drive motor, Hydraulic drive motor planetary 1845c case,